Volume VII

  • Preface

    Read full article

    Author: Kelley, Susanne

    Abstract:
    Preface to Volume VII

    • Buscando Identidad a través de Medios Masivos

      Read full article

      Author: Ireland, Andrew

      Abstract:
      During the latter half of the twentieth century, many Latin American authors experimented with innovative techniques and creative narrative methods that challenged the reader and attempted to comment on the current events of the time. This “New Literature” had several unifying characteristics, one of which is the use of mass media to comment on the theme of identity. Using several books from this Latin American post-Boom movement, this paper aims to show the use of communication tools – movies, biographies, radio, and photographs – to illustrate the struggle and search for characters’ real identities as a major recurrent theme. In all of the mentioned works, characters’ identities are revealed and affected by these forms of communication, and while these mass media are presented as objective and representative of the truth, they are ultimately shown to be prone to exploitation and made subjective.

      • Un análisis de la idea del suicidio restaurativo en la poesía de Gabriela Mistral

        Read full article

        Author: Pan, Debbie

        Abstract:
        This essay examines the concept of what I have termed “the restorative suicide,” a unique type of suicide which is arguably present throughout the poetry of the Chilean author Gabriela Mistral (pseudonym for Lucila Godoy Alcayaga), subtly serving as a reflection of her own struggles with insecurity in her early life. As a symbol of inspiration for the Latin American world, Mistral captures the dichotomous nature of life itself through her lyric works in reference to themes such as love and betrayal, pleasure and pain, hope and fear. In three selected works from her collections Ternura and Desolación, I establish the argument that Gabriela Mistral was experimenting with this “restorative suicide,” both within her writing and her life—that is, experiencing not a literal death, but a figurative, intentional, and poetic death that serves as a catalyst for the recovery of a new life, as well as a source of power and purpose. This analysis will suggest a metaphysical perspective for the interpretation of Mistral’s works and the extent to which a poetic voice is inherently linked to a poet’s life story.

        • La langue de la soumission et de la libération dans le Cahier d’un retour au pays natal

          Read full article

          Author: Ransom, Beni

          Abstract:
          This essay examines how Aimé Césaire’s Cahier d’un retour au pays natal employs repetition, anaphora, and other rhetorical devices to embody the way in which Martinique’s explosive, revolutionary cultural richness is generated as a response to conditions of oppression. The repetitious and anaphoric qualities of Césaire’s poetry are employed at the start of the poem to emphasize the tedium of an oppressed landscape, and the use of repetition and anaphora gives form to the repetitive, slavish labor of Martinicans in rum distilleries and the everyday life of the classroom, where Christian missionaries drill Martinicans with the same lessons despite their exhaustion and lack of interest. However, in the same way that Aimé Césaire’s literary movement négritude uses a negative word for an oppressed racial group and recovers a positive cultural meaning from an initially degrading vocabulary, the repetitive and anaphoric qualities of Césaire’s poem develop into a beautifully concatenating style which embodies an explosive landscape of abundance and revolution. In Césaire, repetition embodies both the oppressive monotony of manual labor and the concatenating rhythm of the tam-tam and African griots, or bards. This essay examines how the consistent application of repetition and anaphora is used in the poem to show how the same post-colonial environment can be remade from a landscape of oppression, where slavery has its modern correlate in underpaid manual labor, into a landscape of explosive revolution and abundance which not only overcomes oppression, but uses the pressure caused by oppression to erupt thrillingly from the established normative values and aesthetics of European culture.

          • Para Ver África: o olhar imperial e a criação do espaço social

            Read full article

            Author: Southwell, Michael

            Abstract:
            In this essay, I explore the beginning and end of Portuguese colonialism in Africa to better understand imperial notions of space and place over a span of nearly five hundred years. Drawing from Os Lusíadas (1572) by Luís Vaz de Camões and A Costa dos Murmúrios (1988) by Lídia Jorge, I intend to present how cultural geography can be interpreted within the canon of Portuguese literature. How are culture and identity represented within the imperial space of Africa, and what do these social phenomena reveal about the physical space around people? By rooting these questions within the discipline of geography, the concepts of place, space, and scale reveal the complexity of social interactions between the colonizer and the colonized. These relationships are often not clearly delineated, as the first canto from Os Lusíadas introduces both origin and religion to further complicate the identity of the Mozambican islanders. Intersections of physical and imagined space are critical to understanding the colonial legacy of Portugal, as identity and culture cannot be individually analyzed.

            • List of Readers for Volume VII

              Read full article

              Author: Kelley, Susanne

              Abstract:
              List of Readers

              ©
              Assistive Options

              Top of page


              Assistive Options

              Open the original version of this page.

              Usablenet Assistive is a Usablenet product. Usablenet Assistive Main Page.