Volume III

  • Preface

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    Author: Simon, Robert

    Abstract:
    Preface to Volume III

    • Los elementos vanguardistas en la obra de Ernestina de Champourcin (1905-1999).

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      Author: Araujo, Marjorie

      Abstract:
      This essay examines the different vanguard elements in the work of Ernestina de Champourcin, an important member of the Generation of ’27 (Generación del 27). She has been somehow forgotten as an influential member who introduced a new concept of love and desire, reshaping the Spanish poetry of her time. She publishedAhora, La voz en el viento and Cántico Inúti in which she expresses her passion and desire as a modern woman. She was looking for an absolute beauty as she called the exact moment of her transcendence. De Champourcin uses her lover as the vehicle for communication and transcendence. She combines the use of the human senses, synesthesia, the power of nature, sensuality and the strong desire for transcendence trough her lover to create vanguardist poetry. De Champourcin is the pioneer of this new concept of love during her generation and an important female poet included in the Anthology of Gerardo Diego of 1934.

      • Una riflessione sull'immigrazione in Italia

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        Author: Díaz, Arturo

        Abstract:
        In recent decades, Italy has found itself becoming a host to a tide of immigrants coming to its shores. Its earlier history with its own emigration seems to have done little to prepare it for the new arrivals, and the country has gradually become unwelcoming towards those seeking refuge. The Bossi-Fini legislation regulating immigration demonstrates the dismal view that politicians hold with regard to foreigners. This law has created a repressive environment for these people in which they are considered solely in terms of their economic value to the economy. They are welcomed as along as their presence serves a benefit towards the country, but as soon as their employment ends, they are immediately targeted for extradition. The opposition towards foreigners seems to be supported mainly by a small, vocal, right wing, since evidence has shown that the majority of Italians support humanitarian treatment towards their guests. Yet films likel’Orchestra di Piazza Vittorio give a visual testimony of the isolation, the struggle, and the hostility that immigrants must still face while building for themselves a new life. Due to globalization, this ever shrinking world cannot escape the reality of immigration. Moreover, the ties of nationalism and patriotism that are at the heart of Western societies do not always hold true for foreigners or their offspring who often have no such identity. Only a reasonable approach towards immigrants can ensure a continued harmonious development, not only for Italy, but for the Western world.

        • ¿El amor sucio o sacrosanto? La aceptación de la muerte aprendida por las relaciones extramaritales en Memorias de mis putas tristes y La saga de Gilgamesh

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          Author: Lake, William

          Abstract:
          As Stephen Mitchell noted in his translation ofThe Epic of Gilgamesh, one peculiar aspect of the work is its central theme: overcoming the fear of death (202). As it happens, Memory of my Melancholy Prostitutes by Gabriel García Márquez focuses primarily on this idea, as well. Curiously, the protagonists of both tales move beyond their inhibitions thanks to their respective prostitutes with whom they come to understand true love, which serves as the key to overcoming the fear of death. Accordingly, this article explores the transformative powers which the harlot archetypes exercise over the protagonists in both stories, keeping in mind that in many Southwest Asian languages, the word prostitute also implies “to initiate someone into life's mysteries” (Westenholz 247). Further evidence of similarities between the two protagonists is demonstrated through the framework of the ancient Southwest Asian literary figure of the wild man, who suffers most commonly from dementia, incoherent speech, and the inability to worship (Mobley 218). Taking the data as a cohesive whole, this essay proposes a direct influence from ancient Sumerian work to that of modern Colombia.

          • La decisión entre hambre y honra en Lazarillo de Tormes

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            Author: Moore, Amanda

            Abstract:
            The sixteenth century, known as the “Golden Age”, in Spain proved very prosperous for a small percentage of Spaniards. However, for the multitudes, it was a time of poverty and suffering. The unknown author ofLazarillo de Tormes presents this dark side of Spain’s history by recounting the journey of a rogue named Lazarillo. This study explores the decision Lazarillo must make between satisfying his very basic need of obtaining food or satisfying a very prevalent societal need to appear as a man of importance and honor. It focuses on the social conditions confronting him, his experiences while the servant of a prideful squire and his situation as a cuckold at the end of the novel. Through these elements, it is explained how Lazarillo comes to terms with his role in society and chooses to alleviate the hunger in his belly rather than chase the impossible dream of being “honorable”.

            • List of Readers

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              Author: The Kennesaw, Tower

              Abstract:
              List of Readers for Volume III

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